Primed for Play – Responding to our children’s instinctive play needs
Along with bonobo apes and chimps, we’re in the top 3 most playful creatures on Earth. To most of us this will come as no surprise: watching them rolling, climbing, jumping, running – testing their bodies and minds at every opportunity – it is obvious our children love to experiment and explore. Play is vital to children’s health and wellbeing, so how can we ensure our children get to play in ways that suit their primal nature?
There is a growing body of research indicating a need for play that is freer and more in tune with nature than most of our safety oriented culture currently allows. Books such as ‘Last child in the Woods’ by Richard Louv and the work of campaigners such as Tim Gill highlight the need for children to take risks, connect with nature and each other, and spend time away from adults prying eyes to reach their full emotional and physical potential.
With trees and rocks to climb, hollows to hide in, streams to dam and muddy banks to get messy on, nature is the perfect playground, offering children ample room for the freedom, discovery and sensory delights that they crave.
Unfortunately many of us no longer have easy access to woodlands and streams, but even so we can do our best to create or discover settings that mimic some of nature’s essential play qualities. Here are some ideas:
Find a community adventure playground.
Unlike commercial adventure playgrounds, community adventure playgrounds are created by the children themselves with help from qualified play workers who know how to keep your child safe while giving them the freedom they need to experiment and take risks. If there isn’t one near you encourage your council to open one or organize a pop-up adventure play event.
Create a collection of what is known in the trade as ‘loose parts’ – objects of all shapes and sizes that, combined with a child’s imagination, open up a world of possibilities: logs, shells, small bits of wood, egg cartons, rope. The sky’s the limit.
Get messy – get wet!
If you can’t access a natural body of water, look for water in public places. Public fountains offers endless fun. Or combine a grassy patch with a bucket of water. Remember to bring a towel!
Allow them to roam.
Research shows that since the 1970s children’s ‘radius of activity’ has declined by 90%. Children need to experience a degree of independence to become sensible responsible adults, so offering them opportunities to go out on their own is important. If you are worried, start small: take a measure of what your child is ready for – going to the corner shop, walking to school, going to the park – and encourage them to go with a friend.
Reclaim your street.
Not so long ago our streets were filled with kids playing hopscotch, tag, skipping games and getting up to all sorts of shenanigans, which made up their own unique child culture. Street games are a great way for kids to connect, get fit and develop social skills.
Make a den.
Children need quiet reflective time too. Create cosy dens, in the garden or indoors, that encourage children to huddle together, share stories and secrets or read their favourite book.
These ideas offer children play that is self-directed and open-ended, encouraging them to use their own imaginations, test their physical skills, develop strong relationships and experience the delight and freedom they deserve.